Express Entry is a selection system the Canadian Government implemented to expedite the selection and application process for various Economic Immigration Programs. The following programs are processed by Express Entry:
Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
Have professional work experience of at least one continuous year of full-time paid work experience or the equivalent in part-time continuous employment listed in the National Occupational Classification (O, A or B) in the last 10 years. OR Qualify for Arranged Employment in Canada with a full-time, permanent job offer from a Canadian employer along with a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or without an LMIA if you are exempt.
A Canadian diploma, certificate, or credential AND/OR a foreign educational credential, and an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) by an agency approved by IRCC to show it is equal to a completed Canadian secondary or post-secondary educational credential.
Meet the minimum language score of CLB 7 on the Canadian Language Benchmark, or equivalent.
- Education: Candidates can be awarded up to 25 points for your formal education.
- Language Skills: Candidates can be awarded up to 28 total points (24-first official language, 4-second official language).
- Work Experience: Under this factor, candidates can be awarded up to 15 points for certain paid, skilled work experience that they have acquired in the last 10 years, but they must attain at least a score of 9 points in order to qualify.
- Age: Candidates can be awarded up to 12 points based on their age at the time of applying.
- Arranged Employment: Candidates can be awarded up to 10 points if they have arranged employment in Canada that meets certain requirements.
- Adaptability: Candidates can be awarded up to 10 points for a number of factors that show that they are adaptable to moving to Canada.
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Canadian Experience Class requirements:
Have obtained at least one year of full-time skilled, professional or technical work experience in Canada within 36 months of the application date. Self-Employment or work experience gained while being a full-time student does not count.
The job experience is in a Managerial job (NOC skill level 0), Professional job (NOC skill type A), Technical jobs and skilled trades (NOC skill type B)
Meet the minimum language score of CLB 5 or CLB 7 on the Canadian Language Benchmark, depending on the level of the job
Plan to live and work outside of the province of Quebec (individuals with work experience in Quebec and who plan to reside in Quebec may apply to the Quebec Experience Class).
Note: Self-employment and work experience gained while you were a full-time student (for example, on a co-op work term) does not count under this program.
Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)
Federal Skilled Trades Class requirements:
Have offers of employment from up to two employers in Canada of at least one-year duration (accompanied by an LMIA) OR a Certificate of Qualification from a provincial or territorial body
Meets the minimum language score of CLB 5 for speaking and listening, CLB 4 for reading and writing.
Have obtained 24 months of qualified work experience in the skilled trade in the last five years
Be qualified to meet the requirements of the job offer(s) or trade in Canada, as defined by the NOC.
Skilled Trades currently eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades Class fall into the following general categories of the NOC:
- Major Group 72: industrial, electrical and construction trades,
- Major Group 73: maintenance and equipment operation trades,
- Major Group 82: supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production,
- Major Group 92: processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators,
- Minor Group 632: chefs and cooks, and
- Minor Group 633: butchers and bakers.